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Electrical Flow and the production of heat energy (mostly unuseful)


Electricity and ATP


The electric gradient of protons is essential in the production of energy (ATP). A multi subunit membrane-bound enzyme called ATP synthase produces the actual energy in the form of ATP. This ATP synthase has a channel structure in which the protons from the inter-membrane space flow back into the inner-membrane space.

The flow of these electrons/protons back into the inner-membrane space via the ATP-ase drives a cycle of conformational changes that drive the binding of the phosphorus molecule to ADP to form the final ATP.
This model is a rotating molecular motor.

A,B,C,D,E subunits constitute the static part (stator) of the
motor. F subunits form the rotating part (rotor).
See this figure animated here: (klick to view)