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The Cellthe cell

The cell’s structure, with

where the DNA is in the nucleus.

This has made us think of the nucleus as the “brain”
of the cell.

The cell membrane, however, plays a much more important role:
It is the interface with the environment. The cell membrane contains many specialised cells, called receptors. These cells can communicate with other cells, called effectors, in the environment and thus instruct the DNA how to behave. It appears that each second about 10,000 biochemical reactions take place at the membrane of each cell. The human body consists of roughly 5 billion cells.


Cell Cell with electric charges
Simplified view of a cell of the immune system
Electric double layer at membrane of a cell

Recent studies thus show that this environment determines how a gene and its composing DNA will behave. And not the other way around(!), i.e. the DNA is not completely telling the cell what to do.

Also note that DNA only makes up 50% of our genes.The other 50% is composed of other proteins, which are mostly ignored by the mainstream medical studies.

The study of the interaction of the membrane with the environment and the DNA and genes is called “epigenetics.” 12 It is not difficult to imagine possible links with the work of Rupert Sheldrake and morphogenetic fields. 13 If we want to compare the nucleus with the “brain” of the cell, we can compare the membrane with the “soul” of the cell.
Electricity plays an important role here too: Through mechanical motion positive particles pass through the membrane, whereas negatively charged particles are blocked. The surplus of positive charge at the outside of the membrane produces an electric potential – compare with the double layers of the plasma cosmos.

Membrane of a cell
The membrane of a cell

Electricity also plays in important role in the mechanical behaviour and even structure of the DNA and other protein molecules.